Franklin Variety Index

Bugs Bunny Die Clashes 1953-1957

1953 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1

Three strong spikes are found within in a rounded depression in front of mouth, with a horizontal line under nose. The heaviest spike attached to lip. Slight collar clash. Strong bulge under eagle. Thin cap on bell shoulder. Usually found somewhat glossy, and with heavy, parallel die lines all over the left obverse field, especially around the devices.

1953 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1a

Only the strong clash from the lip and the horizontal line atop the depression still show, but are weakened. Struck immediately following a harsh refinishing of the dies, stage "a" is borderline Prooflike and quite rare. Extensive, new filing lines run up and down around the mouth and profile, in addition to those already present on the left obverse.

1953 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1b

A diminished stage of the variety. The mirrors have faded. The single remaining die clash on lip has become very weak, as the die lines from the refinishing in stage "a" actually begin to expand under nose, resembling clash marks. Eventually, the clash completely vanishes from the lip; only those that still show the lip clash qualify for B-1b.

The polishing lines under nose are often mistaken for clashing. The following die progression study demonstrates that the two lines that remain under nose after stage "b" are not die clashing, but rather, actively eroding remnants of die polishing.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-1

Two bold, cylindrical clash lines protrude from nose. Lip drawn and somewhat spiked. Noticeable collar clash. Numerous, long die polishing lines in canvas pattern resulting from complete refinishing of each side, lending a bright, satiny sparkle to the luster of this scarce, early stage.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-1a

The strongest of the 1953-D Bugs Bunny clashes; the two nose clashes have become even more noticeable as die lines fade, and parts of the upper lip are more obviously spiked. Collar clash still clear. Two reverse die lines have become diagnostic; one connecting the P in PLURIBUS to the left bell pole, and another running directly through the A in AMERICA and down into the field below. Most other lines have faded, and surfaces are frosty.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-2

At least two smaller spikes protrude from the nose, and two tiny, delicate spikes show at the opening of mouth on earlier stages. Some show a faint, third spike under nose. Scattered die lines in field near chin, mouth, and nose area, running southeast. Damage to right side of bell wall.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-1

Two thin spikes protrude from nose similar to C-1, but the upper lip is unaffected, and the bridge of the nose has been re-engraved to repair it from a clash spike. Slight collar clash. Sharp, triangular nose spike juts from right side of bell.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-2

Two plump, cylindrical spikes protrude from nose, the strongest spike centered, the weaker spike near corner. Numerous crisscrossing die lines surround profile. Faint nose crease, high. Slight collar clash. Minimal clashing on reverse.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-3

Two pointy spikes of about equal length, similar to D-1. Crease high on bridge of nose. Collar clash and slight goiter clash under chin. Long, heavy die filing lines running vertically, slanting toward lips. Virtually no appreciable clash lines on reverse.

1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-4

There is just an indistinct, wavy distortion in the field under the center of nose, and some stages show a distinct clash spike in corner between nose and lip (we show both). Which you have doesn't matter because, like 1952-D Bugs Bunny C-3, a strong collar clash with goiter under the chin is the main attraction. Light crease high on nose. Damaged right side of bell at bell lines, with some traces of filing or even re-engraving.

1953-S FVI Bugs Bunny B-1

This early stage shows multiple, delicate spikes in front of the upper lip, and one strong downward spike paralleling the upper lip. Several arches under nose created by the wingtips. Faint collar clash and very nice goiter clash under chin. Meandering die line from D to bell lines. Surfaces generally crisp and satiny from fresh polishing.

1953-S FVI Bugs Bunny B-1a

The delicate spikes near corner of lip and nose have vanished, but the spike along upper lip and the wingtip arches under nose remain. Goiter clash still visible, but surfaces have become frosty. This middle stage is themost frequently encountered.

1953-S FVI Bugs Bunny B-1b

In this diminished stage, the lip spike has shortened and merged with the lip. A faint trace of the wingtip arches under the nose remains. The dies have become very grainy from erosion.

1953-S FVI Bugs Bunny D-1

One noticeable, cylindrical spike drops from center of nose. Light collar clash and faint horn clash in field. Slight trace of letters behind head, rising up from hair. Slight bulge under eagle, cap on bell shoulder, and sever damage to right bell, at bell lines, which has been harshly filed, leaving jagged spikes. Most examples seen are very late die states, with diminished features from star bursting. Need earlier stage for study.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1

Several bold feather clash lines fan out from upper lip into field. The first spike actually overlaps lip. Spike jutting upward from bridge of nose. Large horn clash is extra heavy on its upper side. Sharp, long, diagnostic die scratch grazes back of head. Sharp nose clash juts out from right bell, well above bell lines. Die line fromtop of A in DOLLAR to eagle's perch.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1a

A diminished stage. Die erosion has left two fuzzy clash lines between lip and nose, and weak or indistinct clash on lip. Spike on nose, die line grazing head, and nose clash from right side of bell all weak, but visible. Die line from A to perch no longer shows. Some later stages than the one shown will display just a faint trace of the Bugs Bunny clash and are too greatly diminished to be called FVI Bugs Bunny A-1a. See A-1b.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1b

A terminal die state made interesting by die chips. Star bursting and other die wear has nearly obliterated the Bugs Bunny clash, as per above. Die wear and the die line behind head make skull appear to be splitting. Nose clash above bell lines still faintly visible. The development of  a meandering die break, containing tiny die chips, connecting the eagle's left-facing with to the bell, makes this end-stage die of interest onceagain. Must show crack and die chips to qualify for A-1b.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-2

Sharp clash, positioned further left and more over mouth than A-1, forks upper lip, with just 1 bold clash jutting into field. Slight crease through center of nose. Bold horn clash abruptly curves upward to form slight goiter under chin. Numerous, bold die lines around mouth, and one short die scratch moving northwest from top of 9, which shows on all stages. Nose clash damages right side of bell at upper bell lines. Very heavy cap on right bell shoulder. Strong bulge under eagle. Several bold die lines on reverse, with the strongest two being one connecting RI of PLURIBUS to left bell hanger, and another connecting the lower right corner of bell to eagle's tail feathers.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-2a

The bold spike on lip has faded a good bit and become very jagged, but still obvious. Spike through 9 still shows clearly. Die wear has begun to obliterate features: horn clash no longer reaches chin. Only the two aforementioned die lines on reverse still show clearly, and both have shortened, no longer reaching the bell hanger or the eagle's tail feathers.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-2b

A diminished stage. Star bursting striations have erased all but a faint spike on lip. Horn clash weaker but still clear. Spike through 9 still very clear.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny A-3

Boldly forked upper lip with positioning similar, but slightly wider, than on A-2. This time only a compact collar clash on neck; no trace of a horn in smooth field. No die scratch through 9. Cap on bell shoulder, bulge under eagle. Little or no evidence of nose clash damage on right bell.

Samples are late die states, but visible features do not match previous listings. Earlier stage needed for study.

1954 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1

One single, bold clash line runs down from corner, very close to lip. Collar clash on neck. Numerous long parallel die lines on each side. Very slight cap on bell shoulder. Faint nose clash damage to bell wall and slight bulge within eagle's wing feathers.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-1


Two long, cylindrical spikes angling down from nose, traces of more along lip, and a mixture of die clashing and die polishing inside open mouth. Bold crease high on nose, with a spike also running up into the field. Collar clash on neck. Curved die line on high point of nose is diagnostic. Two widely separated nose clashes jutting from damaged and slightly re-engraved bell wall. Mint mark above level of bell bolts. A serious die clash. Typically found with gleaming surfaces from fresh die polishing.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-1a


In this later die state, the once gleaming surfaces are now frosty. Only short nubs remain under nose, the lip is rippled instead of straight, from what used to be visible clashing, and traces of clashing still show inside mouth, though frosting has merged some features. Nose crease still clear, but spike in field diminished. Collar clash still strong, and slight new goiter clash now apparent under chin. Diagnostic die line on nose still visible.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-2


Two long spikes from nose, similar to C-1. Also seen, in early stages, with similar erosion on lip and clashing inside mouth. Interestingly, there are two faint creases on nose, one of which rises into the field as a spike. Collar clash on neck, letters behind head, and faint horn clash in field. Long, faint nose clash jutting from bell wall. Mint mark falls just below level of bell bolts. Numerous fine polishing lines, and gleaming surfaces in early stages.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-3


One bold clash line drops from nose, and open mouth shows lumps inside from clashing. Heavy die lines along profile. Vertical die scratch between cheek and nose. Damage to bell wall starting at upper bell lines. Mint mark falls just below bolts.  (R26)

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-4


One noticeable tooth clash on upper lip, just inside slightly open mouth, and one clear, but light, vertical clash line under center of nose. Crease high on nose. Minimal evidence of clashing elsewhere. Mint mark just about level with bell bolts.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-1

Another very strong 1954-D clash. Two large, cylindrical spikes are reminiscent of 1953-D FVI Bugs Bunny C-1a, but the lip and mouth are not affected. Crease on nose, above center. Letters behind head. Collar clash on neck. Parallel, horizontal die scratches in field in front of chin on all seen. Nose spike just above bell lines. Faint cap on bell. Mint mark just above bolts.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-2

Two clash lines drops from nose, the strongest at left. The right clash sometimes faint. Slightly open mouth seems unaffected. No readily visible nose crease. Slight collar clash. Two long, parallel, vertical die lines in front of chin visible on all seen. Heavy die filing lines under eagle to remove nose clash. Similar filing following the hair line line clash through EPU.Mint mark centered and falls just bellow level of bolts.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-3

One clear, cylindrical clash line drops from left half of nose, and a trace of another sometimes shows in the corner. Mouth slightly open but no discernible clashing inside.Heavy crease on nose lines up with eye socket. Large collar clash follows curve of neck up under the chin into a slight goiter. Numerous long die scratches on each side. Some stages show two heavy, long, parallel die lines from tip of nose almost to top of 9. Large area of damage to right side of bell, above bell lines. Mint mark clear of bolts.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny E-1

The first true Position E documentedin the series. Several noticeable clash lumps inside slightly open mouth. Slight collar clash on neck. Small bulge under eagle, damage to right bell wall, above bell lines. A horizontal die line inside the right bell loop, as well as a series of three or more heavy die scratches running horizontally from the right bell pole, are diagnostic. Mint mark above bolts, and seems to be rather crisply punched for the date.

1954-D FVI Bugs Bunny E-2 (Provisional Designation)


Several spikes inside open mouth, with one bringing the upper lip to a point. No discernible clashing in field under nose. Faint crease high on nose or merely a mild distortion. A faint collar clash or distortion on neck. Damage to right side of bell, just above bell lines, and faint nose clash in field toward eagle. Die filing lines at places along bell have removed a trace of a cap on bell shoulder.

This may be a diminished A-position clash. The clash at tip of lip is reminiscent of 1952 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1, but the die state of the sample does not show a second heavy spike beneath. An earlier die state that shows such a forking effect would probably reclassify this as Position A.

1955 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1

classic 3 or 2 spikes

1955 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1a

polished lip

1955 FVI Bugs Bunny A-1b

die erosion, degraded to D clash

1955 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1

spiked lip

1955 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1a

spiked lip M clash

1955 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1b

spiked lip, M clash, reverse die crack

1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1

sharp fresh clash

1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1-a

heavy die polish

1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1b

clash merges with lip, eventually fades away, goiter developed under chin

1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-2

Fresh Die Clash, theoretical   ddo

1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-2a


1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-2b


1956 FVI Bugs Bunny B-2c

CLASH WEAKENS TO A FLOATING CLASH, eventually fades away



1957 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1


1957-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-1

long slanted lineRPM-1


1957-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-2

medium cylindrical lineRPM-2

1957-D FVI Bugs BunnyD-3

small line,long reverse die line

1957-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-4

weak nose line

1958 FVI Bugs Bunny D-1  

there is a 1958 B-1

1958 FVI Type II ReverseBugs Bunny D-1

1958-D FVI Bugs Bunny D-1

1959 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1

STRONG, with outline clash

1959 FVI Bugs Bunny B-1a



1959 FVI Bugs Bunny B-2

1959 FVI Type II Reverse Bugs Bunny A-1

eds, fine polishing, re-engraved chin.

1959 FVI Type II Reverse Bugs Bunny A-1a

polishing and chin re-engraving indistinct

1959 1959 FVI Type II Reverse Bugs Bunny D-1

the blob

1959 FVI Type I/TypeII Bugs Bunny & DDR

This variety should exist, but we have not found one! The DDR reverse die for 1959 is found with a heavy profile clash of Franklin's nose, lip, and neck (see the "a" stage below). The obverse die was quickly changed out, presumably due to the extreme clashing that must have existedon the obverse. This could be a major Bugs Bunny variety. Help us find one!

1959 FVI Type I/Type II Bugs Bunny & DDR (a)

Not technically a Bugs Bunny anymore, as the clashed obverse has now been replaced with a brand new die, with gleaming, orange peel textured, borderline Prooflike reflectivity. The reverse die has been heavily polished and possibly acid etched, in an attempt to remove clashing, and yet it still shows a strong profile clash of Franklin on the reverse. This die marriage is of extreme interest to the specialist because of the Prooflike luster, profile clash, and the DDR.